There are many things to consider when loading a shipping container, be it a standard GP or reefer container, with product. The number one goal for most is to ensure your cargo arrives at its destination, the way you loaded it. To achieve this, there are many additional factors to consider:

  • Does my container restraint need to meet a compliance regulation, such as the CTU or IMDG Code
  • What type of lashing or restraint is best fit (Ratchet straps, timber dunnage, cargo bars, lashing, dunnage bags or many more)
  • What is a reasonable investment in terms of time and cost to secure my load properly

Below is a helpful summary on different forms of load restraint to secure products into containers

Modular Lashing System

A modular lashing or lashing set is typically used to restrain loads. Common applications include wooden crates, IBC’s, bulk bags or drums. Depending on the rating or number of modular lashing sets used, these can typically restrain loads from 10T up to 30T inside a common shipping container.

Ready made web lashings, also known as pre-assembled container lashing. are a cost effective alternative to timber bracing and blocking methods at the container doors. X-Pak have the ability to custom manufacture different kinds of modular lashing sets, dependent on your cargo type. As Australians #1 supplier of container lashing straps, contact us to share images or details of your container freight so we can provide you with advice and your best system.

Modular lashing systems come pre-built as a complete set and are hooked into the top and bottom lashing points, then joined in the centre with a ladder buckle. They are then easily tensioned using a battery operated or manual tensioner.

Red lashing

Woven lashing

Poly woven lashing or Cargo-Lash, is a 200m or 250m roll of web lashing, typically tensioned manually and joined with a ladder buckle. This system is often an ideal alternative to using ratchet tie downs, chains or steel strapping in a container. Its simply cut to the required length and can be used as a direct restrain or using a tie down method.

This type of restraint system is a one-way system and can be used to secure odd-shaped loads such as machinery, crates and heavy equipment into containers. As a general rule, the 32mm Cargo-Lash is commonly used inside shipping containers, while the 40mm Cargo-Lash is used to secure cargo to a flat rack.

Lashed freight

Ratchet Tie Downs

A ratchet tie down, or truck ratchet strap can also be used in some applications to lash cargo inside a container. Where a tie down method is required (from one lashing point, over your item, to the opposite lashing point), ratchet straps can be quick & easy to apply. In our experience, ratchet straps are more commonly used in re-use applications, or for flat rack cargo securement. They can be expensive to purchase, particularly when you do see them again, and often have issues fitting into container lashing points.

Timber Dunnage & Bracing

Depending on your product type, it may also be recommended to utilise timber to brace or block your cargo. Although timber dunnage can be expensive and sometimes time consuming to apply, it can work very effectively as an additional form of restraint in conjunction with strapping to prevent load shift.

For forward or rearward movement, where greater forces are generally a risk, timber dunnage is often nailed to the container floor. Its important your export timber is appropriately treated for export use and you use a quality fastening system to secure it in place.

Inflatable Dunnage Air Bags

Inflatable dunnage bags present a compelling alternative to timber dunnage for several reasons. Firstly, they offer cost-effectiveness, being more economical both in terms of initial purchase and shipping due to their lightweight composition. Secondly, their versatility is unmatched, accommodating a diverse range of cargo sizes and shapes with ease, unlike the rigid limitations of timber dunnage. Thirdly, they save valuable space by deflating and storing flat when not in use, minimising storage requirements. Additionally, inflatable dunnage bags can be easily customised to fit specific cargo configurations, ensuring optimal support and protection during transit. Their reusability and eco-friendly nature further contribute to their appeal, reducing waste and environmental impact compared to single-use timber dunnage.

For free advice, product information, and training in best load restraint practices for shipping containers give our friendly team a call on 1300 551 281 and we will be happy to help.